Solar industrial heat market
 Encouraging trends in the solar industrial heat market 2021

Encouraging trends in the solar industrial heat market 2021

The global solar industrial heat market saw encouraging trends in 2021. The first large systems with heat purchase agreements started operation in France and Mexico. Spanish PVT collector manufacturers gained industrial heat and power customers for the first time. Multinational corporations turned increasingly to a zero-carbon heat supply from the sun. And last but not least, technology suppliers from the Netherlands and Austria realised a growing number of agricultural heat projects, resulting in the number of new SHIP systems in 2021 outside China growing despite the influence of the pandemic. These are the key results of a survey carried out among 70 technology suppliers listed on the SHIP Supplier World Map. The survey was supported by the German research project Modulus. The photo shows a 190m2 collector field for a calf-breeding farm in the Netherlands where the hot water is used to prepare food for the calves. Read as well the news about structural changes in the SHIP supply industry.
Photo: G2Energy

Altogether 71 SHIP systems totalling 36 MW started operation around the world. At first glance this is a reduction compared to 2020 when 85 systems with 93 MW were newly installed (table 1). It is interesting, however, to look at the influence of China here. China, which led the SHIP world market in 2020 with 30 new plants, reported only 7 new systems. As a result, the number of new SHIP projects outside of China increased from 55 with 22 MW to 64 with 27 MW in 2021.

The fluctuations in China had to do with the tough lockdowns in the first quarter of 2022. During this time, the employees were not able to go into the offices to compile the data. The Chinese SHIP market is generally larger than represented in the annual surveys as the major Chinese collector manufacturers often only supply material to construction sites, where local companies take care of the installations, and the material suppliers do not necessarily know how the solar heat is used by the customers.

2018201920202021End of year total 2021
No. of commissioned SHIP systems99 systems86 systems85 systems71 systemsat least 975 systems
Newly installed collector area55,583 m2358,641 m2132,316 m250819 m21.18 million m2
Newly installed solar thermal capacity39 MW251 MW93 MW36 MW826 MW

Table 1: Global SHIP deployment from 2018 to 2021. Figures from 2020 have been updated with newly reported systems. The totals include all SHIP systems with a collector area of at least 50 m2 irrespective of the type of collector (e.g., flat plate, vacuum tube, air or concentrating and PVT) used for a given project. Capacity was calculated using the factor 0.7 kW/m2 for all collector types.
Source: Yearly surveys among the companies listed on the SHIP Supplier World Map

The ranking of the countries with the highest number of completed SHIP installations changed significantly from 2020 to 2021 (see table 2). Due to a high number of subsidised agricultural systems in the Netherlands and Austria, these two countries overtook China and Germany, which were among the largest SHIP markets in 2020. Another industrial solar heat system was installed in each of Turkey, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Greece, Brazil and Thailand. In terms of capacity additions, France (10.1 MWth) overtook China (8.2 MWth), followed by Spain (3.9 MWth) and Turkey (3.2 MWth).

No. of systems installed in 2020Collector area added in 2020No. of systems installed in 2021Collector area added in 2021Average system size in both years [m2 per system]
Mexico162,182 m2182,387 m2134
Netherlands716,102 m2152,786 m2859
Austria7720 m2112,997 m2207
China30101,314 m2711,664 m23,053
Germany102,070 m24388 m2176
Spain3602 m246,430 m21005
France0314,370 m24,790
India3510 m231,280 m2298

Table 2: Countries ranked by the number of SHIP installations completed in 2021. The average size of these systems varies significantly from country to country. Source: SHIP supplier surveys 2020 and 2021

Delivering carbon-neutral industrial heat reduces risk for customer

Two SHIP technology suppliers successfully commissioned their first solar heat delivery projects in 2021:
The third-party investor Kyotherm together with the solar heat specialists from Newheat – both from France – commissioned a 10 MW flat-plate collector field to offer the malting giant Boortmalt a solar heat price below what the client paid previously for gas-produced heat. Inventive Power in Mexico commissioned its first ESCO project, a parabolic trough collector facility with 332 kWth of capacity for a food processor. During 2021, the Belgian company Azteq began constructing its fourth ESCO project, a 3.8 MWth parabolic trough collector field that will supply steam to a chemical producer in Belgium. The ESCO model reduces the industrial heat user’s risk and speeds up business decision making because the engagement is free of capital expenditure and does not burden the equity of the client.

Rollout in cooperation with multinationals

Multinational corporations are a promising customer group for solar heat. Many large corporations have set themselves far-reaching emissions reduction targets and need zero-carbon solutions, especially in the area of heat, which accounts for 75 % of global industrial energy requirements. On the other hand, they require very short payback times, often less than 3 years, which at most locations can only be achieved with solar heat with an investment cost subsidy. Some SHIP technology suppliers managed to install the first solar process heat systems at large corporations in 2021. It is to be expected that once the first solar heat demonstration systems are successfully operating, a rollout can take place at production sites globally. The following projects are worth mentioning here:

  • The ESCO project at Boortmalt in central France. Boortmalt is one of the world leaders in malt production with 27 malt houses around the world. The second, already even larger, 25 MW system is in the planning phase at the Boortmalt factory in Croatia.
  • Since November 2021 Pepsico in Brazil has profited from solar heated water at 65 °C from an evacuated flat-plate collector field of 400 m2 from TVP Solar, Switzerland. This is at least the second plant that the US-headquartered beverage producer now operates. Gatorade, a subsidiary of Pepsico in Arizona, USA, started using solar heat in 2009 and has extended the installation three times to a total of almost 3 MWth (3,793 m²), because the company is very satisfied with its performance.
  • The German parabolic trough collector manufacturer Soliterm commissioned what is already the second solar steam producing field for the Mayr-Melnhof Group’s subsidiary in Izmir, Turkey, in 2021. It is a multinational corporation headquartered in Austria and specialised in manufacturing and folding of carbon board, fine and kraft paper for the cigarette industry and has 52 production sites in 22 countries.


solar industrial heat market
New SHIP plants for multinational corporations (from left to right): Pepsico in Brazil, Mayr-Melnhof Graphia in Turkey, and Boortmalt in France
Photos: TVP Solar, Sunoptimo, Soliterm

Organisations mentioned in this article:
SHIP Supplier World Map
SHIP Photo Gallery
TVP Solar

Bärbel Epp

Bärbel Epp is Founder and Director of the German communication and market research agency solrico and editor-in-chief of