International Copper Association

  • Solar Water Heating Techscope Market Readiness Assessment Report and Analysis Tool

     The Solar Water Heating TechScope Market Readiness Assessment Report (SWH TechScope Report) was developed under the Global Solar Water Heating (GSWH) Market Transformation and Strengthening Initiative, a joint initiative undertaken by the United Nations...

  • Regional Market Assessment Report in the Mediterranean Countries

    The purpose of this regional market assessment report is to help overcome some relevant barriers which currently prevent solar water heating (SWH) systems from providing a larger share of energy supply in Mediterranean countries, i.e. the lack of knowledge and trust on the technology, as well as...

  • Brazil: Solar Water Heater Case Studies in Multi-family Housing

    Brazil: Solar Water Heater Case Studies in Multi-family Housing

    In cooperation with engineering office SE-Studio Equinócio, the International Copper Association (ICA) Latin America has released a publication which highlights the use of solar heating in large residential buildings. Three installations that have been monitored for several years show the...

  • China: Architects and Engineers Surveyed on Solar Obligations

    China: Architects and Engineers Surveyed on Solar Obligations

    “The solar mandatory laws in provinces and cities in China constitute a very good policy. Only the implementation methods seem rather inappropriate in some cases,” Joseph Huang summarised the results of a study among architects and engineers in the Chinese solar thermal sector in...

  • Solar Water Heating Calculator

    The requirement of hot water varies from person to person depending upon his water uses pattern. However, it is estimated that the average hot water requirement per person per day in an average household in India is around 65 liters at 40º C. For calculations of hot water...

  • Global Solar Water Heating Market Transformation and Strengthening Initiative (GSWH)

    Generally composed of solar thermal collectors, solar water heaters provide a simple, cost-effective, and sustainable means of heating water for domestic and other uses.  In addition to reducing green house gas emissions, solar water heating (SWH) offers a host of potential benefits to both individuals and governments seeking to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels.  In countries where energy demands are exceeding capacity, SWH can reduce pressure on the national power system and diminish pollution produced by conventional energy sources.  Economic benefits include enhanced employment opportunities and the creation of small- and medium-sized SWH businesses.  The development of such business could, in turn, lead to improved product quality.

    While active promotion of SWH in selected countries has resulted in very high rates, so far, relatively few countries have benefited from this technology. Consequently, there are still significant opportunities for promoting SWH in the countries that have not yet profited from this technology.


    The goal of the Global Solar Water Heating (GSWH) project is to accelerate the global commercialization and sustainable market transformation of solar water heating (SWH), thereby reducing the current use of electricity and fossil fuels for hot water preparation.

    The GSWH project is a joint initiative undertaken by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and is funded by the Global Environment Facilty (GEF), with co-financing by the International Copper Association (ICA). This initiative builds on the encouraging market development rates already achieved in some GEF program countries and seeks to further expand the market in other countries with good SWH potential where the prerequisites for market uptake appear to exist.


    The project has two main components: The “Global Knowledge Management and Networking Component” and the Country Programs Component.

    1.     Global Knowledge Management and Networking Component: This component is executed by UNEP and a network of partners to facilitate co-coordinated, timely and professional technical backstopping. It serves as a catalyst to stimulate and initiate sustainable SWH market transformation globally. This component has two main outputs:

    Outcome-1: The development of a knowledge management web portal for solar thermal professionals and stakeholders, (, with the primary objective of being the main reference website worldwide for the solar thermal sector. The web portal (platform) offers:

    • Market advocacy network of users, fostering successful market growth in the solar thermal sector
    • Information divided in five key pillars for SWH market development: awareness, finance and incentives, policy, certification and training and education;

     Geared towards professionals, this knowledge-based web portal offers the latest news and background information on the  development of the international solar thermal sector.

    Outcome-2: The establishment of a network of international and regional institutions to serve as regional knowledge hubs to develop and disseminate knowledge products and services, and this includes:

    • Information collection: including best practices, guidelines and full case studies in the project countries
    • Knowledge products and tools: including guidelines, technical study reports, regional market assessments and solar thermal modelling tools;
    • Dissemination and training: including conducting regional workshops and webinars.

     UNEP is implementing the knowledge management component in close cooperation with seven regional partners, Observatoire Méditerranéen de l’Energie (OME)Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE)European Solar Thermal Industry Federation (ESTIF), the Regional enter for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), the University of the Virgin Islands (UVI), the UNEP DTU Partnership and the Caribbean Green Technology Center.

    ​2.     The Country Programs Component: this component consists of a bundle of specific programs for the 5 countries: AlbaniaChile, IndiaLebanon, and Mexico. . This Country Programs Component has been implemented under UNDP’s National Execution Modality (NEX).

    The work performed in the Country Programs is articulated around addressing four specific components to solar water heating development as explained in figure below:


    Project Partners' Website Links:

    Project Regional Partners:


    Project Countries:


    Project's Promotional Material (Please refer to the end of the web page to download flyers):

    general_project_flyer.pdf 1.3 Mb [167 download(s)]
    gswh_techscope_report.pdf 1.1 Mb [147 download(s)]
    gswh_techscope_analysis-tool.pdf 550.9 Kb [158 download(s)]
    gswh_techscope_ghg-calculator-tool.pdf 615.7 Kb [147 download(s)]
    gswh_booklet-knowledge-products.pdf 2.4 Mb [126 download(s)]
  • Initial Market Assessment Report North Africa & Middle East (2011)

    This report is one of the deliverables of the Global Solar Water Heating Market Transformation and Strengthening Initiative (GSWH Project), co-executed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and funded by the Global...


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